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Judo actually came from Jujitsu and was out of sync for a while. However, there are people that still incorporate judo as a martial arts technique. It does not rely on tactics that involve karate, kicking or punching. Judo does not rely on throwing and grappling, either.
With judo, you grip your opponent and place them off balance. Kuzushi is used to supply a small amount of energy while engaging in judo. Even though judo was birthed from jujitsu, there are some differences between the two. Kuzushi happens when the opponent is hit along the weak line. There is also twisting, grabbing or poking of the points of the atemi (pressure points).
Judo also implements some throw, falls, rolls, chokes, hold downs, strikes and joint-locks. There are ground fighting techniques that are used to go against the joints or joint locks. These techniques also affect chokeholds and strangleholds, along with techniques of pinning down or holding.
Judo uses sparring, which means “free practice”. There are also techniques of striking that involve punching and kicking. In addition to that there are techniques that implement swords and knives.
In Judo, there are only certain people that can implement joint locking, chokeholds and sacrifice techniques due to safety issued. It all depends on how old you are and what your rank is. In the United States, chokeholds can be used by people 13 years old and older, while arm locks can be used by people 16 years old and older.
When a joint lock or chokehold is used, the other person will tap the mat or their opponent twice. This will let them know that they have yielded to the other person. You will know that the one that yielded was the loser and they are released from the chokehold or joint lock.
A Judoka is a practitioner of judo. A judoka is one that is experienced in the techniques of judo. A judoka can mean any judo practitioner minus the level restrictions. So even if the judoka is just starting out, they are still a judoka.
A sensei is a judo teacher. With the western culture, the teachers are referred to as a “dan grade sensei”. It used to be used only for a certain group, but now it can be used for anyone that teaches judo.
Practitioners wear a judogi, which is a white uniform that is worn when performing judo. There were uniforms that looked similar that came along after the first one came out. The uniform is made of cotton and the pants are usually white and blue.