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Oral antibiotics are often used to cure acne. This is usually administered to people who suffer from acne consistently.
However the bacteria that causes acne can soon become impervious to the antibiotics and thus refuse to treat the acne. The doctors then will generally prescribe a different round of antibiotics to help the cause. The most common kinds of antibiotics used are erythromycin and tertracycline and its derivatives.
However, erythromycin leads to discomfort in the gastrointestinal tract and tetracycline and its derivatives are not suitable for pregnant women and children who are not yet eight years old. The components of these antibiotics heal the pustule or swelling by drying them up internally.
Topical retinoids is another set of medications that are used to treat acne. They are derived from Vitamin A and can prevent the closing of the pores. By doing so they actually do not let acne be formed.
They include gels or creams like adapalene, tazarotene and tretinoin. The topical retinoids can cause rashes as well as other such irritations. They can cause sunburns because your skin will become more vulnerable to UV rays when using this product.
You would need to use sunscreen if you apply these creams. It is important to contact your skin specialist before you opt for these medications.
Corticosteroid injections are given to patients with acne only when the acne has swelled to an extent of bursting. Thus the swelling diminishes and the acne dries up at a faster rate.
For cystic acne and severe cases of acne, isoretinoin is used. This is only for extreme cases and for healing intricate acne problems.
Oral contraceptives are effective medications for healing acne but also have their limitations. They are not meant for women smokers, women above 35 years of age, or for women who suffer from problems relating to blood clotting.
Oral contraceptives diminish the excess secretion from the glands and thus regulate the hormones to control acne.
Tropical antimicrobials are used to treat moderated acne problems. These medications attack the bacterial colonies.
These medications can be taken individually or coupled with others that treat certain causes for acne formation. They include azelaic acid, benzoyl peroxide, clindamycin, erythromycin and sodium sulfacetamide. Where as azelaic acid and clindamycin lessen the bacterial growth, benzoyl peroxide kills the bacteria to treat acne.
A blend of erythromycin with benzoyl peroxide is extremely proficient in treating acne. However, these medications have certain adverse effects.